Reading Task: The Invention of Heterosexuality

By Brandon Ambrosino

March 16, 2017

http://www.bbc.com/future/story/20170315-the-invention-of-heterosexuality

 

Pre-reading:

Videos:

Christopher Ryan-Are we designed to be sexual omnivores?

http://www.ted.com/talks/christopher_ryan_are_we_designed_to_be_sexual_omnivores?language=en

An Introduction to Michel Foucault’s The History of Sexuality – A Macat Sociology Analysis

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vH8urZ4ryPE

An Introduction to Judith Butler’s Gender Troubles – A Macat Literature Analysis

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Z7M6kD5Qt5M

Websites:

Victorian sexualities

By Holly Furneaux

https://www.bl.uk/romantics-and-victorians/articles/victorian-sexualities

Kinsey Institute:

https://www.kinseyinstitute.org/research/publications/kinsey-scale.php

 

 

Questions:

  1. What is it that people respond to with “dramatic incredulity”?
  2. The purpose of “the man on the street” idea was to get people to realize……
  3. For example, it’s revealed that an American actress had a love affair with a woman after breaking up with her boyfriend.

The public might find this shocking because the author states people think that……………………….

  1. The main reason why we don’t question heterosexuality is that…. Mark the one does not fit.
  • We take it as given
  • We take it for granted
  • There is no reason to do so.
  • Religious bias prevents it.

When heterosexuality was abnormal

  1. What does “It isn’t” refer to in the first paragraph?
  2. Sexuality is described as a cultural production because………… unlike animals.
  3. What did Kertbeny achieve by coining four terms to describe sexual experiences?
  4. Why are the examples of slavery and geocentric cosmology included in a text about sexuality?

To show that

  • Somethings are never normal.
  • The definition for normal way change.
  • Reproductive sex is an instinct.
  • Contrary sexual instinct is wrong.
  1. Watch the video “Philosophy- The Stoics” https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yu7n0XzqtfA. How did the Stoics affect the attitude of religions towards sexuality?

Sex and the City

  1. People who live in İstanbul, the most crowded city in Turkey, are more self-centered and open minded in sexual affairs than those in rural areas due to the lack of……………..
  2. The bourgeois blamed working class and poor people for being degenerates because………Mark the one that does not fit.

They needed a scapegoat/to divert blame/ shift the focus/ keep up appearances/ preserve religious norms.

  1. The purpose of conversion therapies, which were first offered by Krafft-Ebing, was to cure …………….,. in order to preserve …………………………..
  2. Read the rest of this part. Determine if the statement is true, false or not given.
  • Freud states that people are born bisexual and nurture has an immense influence on whether they become homosexual or heterosexual.
  • Nearly half of the majority experienced homosexual affairs when they were adolescences.
  • Freud’s psychosexual theory and Kinsey’s findings are mutually exclusive because Kinsey send out homo and hetero categories to the literature.
  • Kinsey’s findings reinforce the idea that sexuality is binary which classifies sexuality into two distinct categories.

The future of heterosexuality

  1. Heterosexuality is innate/ manufactured/ deconstructed/ nurtured. Hence it is more likely to re-orient or deconstruct the term in the future.
  2. Recent research findings have not affirmed any relationship between ………….. and ………..That’s why……………… is likely to increase in the future.
  3. Contrary to social Darwinism, same-sex relationships may also be procreative. Find two examples.
  4. Mark the one that fits to the author’s opinion.
  • Heterosexuality will become extinct when human species are wiped out.
  • Homosexual relationships are more instable than normal ones so heterosexuality is more popular.
  • Heterosexuality is a fashion which will become outdated in the future.
  • People are born heterosexual but they are free to choose the other way around.

 

Post-reading:

Videos:

The Dark History of Gay Conversion Therapy:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=n3ujZmHyfP8

Straight Conversion Therapy:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=V6KLXWaxh8A

The future evolution of human sexuality | Peter Tatchell | TEDxOxbridge

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bIiXsBVTfHc

 

Articles:

The Lies and Dangers of Efforts to Change Sexual Orientation or Gender Identity:

http://www.hrc.org/resources/the-lies-and-dangers-of-reparative-therapy

#BornPerfect: The Facts About Conversion Therapy:

http://www.nclrights.org/bornperfect-the-facts-about-conversion-therapy/

Mike Pence and ‘Conversion Therapy’: A History:

https://www.nytimes.com/2016/11/30/us/politics/mike-pence-and-conversion-therapy-a-history.html

Write an argumentative essay in which you discuss whether genders are socially constructed or not. In contrast to the involvement in reproductive sexual actions, is same-sex relationships a symptom of a mental illness? How would you react to the conversion therapy if you happened to be a client? What do you think about the future of the human sexuality?

Answers

  1. In the past, heterosexuality is defined as abnormal or perverted appetite toward the opposite sex and morbid sexual passion.
  2. That all of our sexualities are just there
  3. Gay people were born gay just like straight people were born straight.
  4. The fourth
  5. Heterosexuality is not the same as reproductive intercourse.
  6. Humans attached meaning to those instincts.
  7. He managed to emphasize to the agent.
  8. The second
  9. Small-town gossip/ neighbourly familiarity
  10. If life-bearing seed is spilled in the act, sexuality is condemned.
  11. The last
  12. Sexual deviants, continuous evolution of species
  13. Read the rest of this part. Determine if the statement is true, false or not given.
  • Freud states that people are born bisexual and nurture has an immense influence on whether they become homosexual or heterosexual. True
  • Nearly half of the large majority experienced homosexual affairs when they were adolescences. Not given
  • Freud’s psychosexual theory and Kinsey’s findings are mutually exclusive because Kinsey send out homo and hetero categories to the literature. False
  • Kinsey’s findings reinforce the idea that sexuality is binary which classifies sexuality into two distinct categories. True
  1. Manufactured
  2. genes and homosexuality, the possibility of sexual fluidity
  3. Preimplantation genetic diagnosis and vitro fertilization
  4. The third

Yadyok Assistant,

Ş. Müge Uysal

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